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Report on E-Cigarettes

Report on E-Cigarettes

Europe-wide study shows e-cigarette use in is on the increase (AFP Relax News | May 25, 2016)

A new large-scale, Europe-wide study has found that the number of people trying e-cigarettes has increased by nearly 60 percent in just two years.

Although the average number of people across Europe trying e-cigarettes increased from 7.2 to 11.6 percent, the research also showed that the number of people who consider e-cigarettes to be dangerous had also increased, nearly doubling from 27 percent to 51 percent.

The research, by a team from Imperial College London, looked at e-cigarette use across 27 EU member states between 2012 and 2014 using data from over 53,000 people, and at least 1000 people from each country.

The results showed that e-cigarette use in the UK had increased from 8.9 percent to 15.5 percent -- higher than the European average.

However France was the country with the highest use of e-cigarettes -- with one in five people saying they had tried the devices. The country also had the highest increase in the number of people trying e-cigarettes, nearly tripling from 7.3 percent to 21.3 percent.

The nation with lowest number of people who had tried an e-cigarette was found to be Portugal, with 5.7 percent.

The paper was published in the journal Tobacco Control

120 Health Experts Rally in Support of Electronic Cigarettes as Tools for Tobacco Harm Reduction

Scientists Shocked After Testing Ecig Vapor in the Lab

120 health professionals, including pulmonologists, addictologists, heart surgeons and oncologists, have recently signed an appeal to the French government asking it to practice a tobacco harm reduction policy “based on the full potential of electronic cigarettes.”

The appeal signed by the 120 health experts was made public during the first ever Vape Meet held in France and organized by Fivape (Interprofessional Vaping Federation) and Aiduce (Independent Association of Electronic Cigarette Users).

According to Dr Philippe Presles of SOS Addictions, initiator of this call for a policy focused on tobacco harm reduction, electronic cigarettes are not only considerably safer than tobacco analogs, but also less dangerous than red meat, which was recently classified as potentially carcinogenic by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). “In the over 10 years since electronic cigarettes have been on the market, we have had zero cases of diseases related to their use and zero deaths,” Presles said, adding that smoking kills 78,000 French people every year. “Before condemning electronic cigarettes, it’s important to look at the stakes”.

In their appeal, the 120 signatories cite the conclusions of a report from the British Ministry of Health which state that vaping is around 95% safer than smoking. They also compare the UK’s policy on smoking and electronic cigarettes to that of France. “This strategy of risk reduction with the help of e-cigarette, combined with high prices for tobacco products has been a success in the UK, where the adult smoking population makes up just 18% of the general population”.

In France, on the other hand, about a third of the population smokes tobacco, and, if that wasn’t bad enough, surveys show that two thirds of smokers believe electronic cigarettes are more dangerous than analogs, compared to just one third of Britons, which illustrates “a difference between the two political views”. In reality, smoking is the leading cause of death in France and the whole of Europe, but authorities don’t seem to care very much about educating the public.

“Electronic cigarettes are incomparably less toxic than smoking, there is no question,” said Laurent Liguine, addiction specialist at Rennes and Laval Hospital, and one of the 120 health specialist who support vaping. “And it fits well with the harm reduction that I support. Advocating for total abstinence non longer works, instead we need to focus on improving the health of our patients. The objective is to achieve a better life. If that involves completing giving up nicotine, that’s great, but the patient must have a choice. Being very interventionist is ineffective.”

The list of signatories include Drs William Lowenstein, Anne Borgne, Alain Morel (addictologists), Alain Pavie (heart surgeon) and Alain Marc and Espié Livartowski (oncologists) as well as a number of foreign experts, including Americans.

Scientists Shocked After Testing E-Cig Vapor in the Lab

Scientists Shocked After Testing Ecig Vapor in the Lab

Over and over again, we’ve heard public health officials argue that we simply do not have enough scientific data to be certain that electronic cigarettes are a safe alternative to tobacco. But the truth is that research is abundant and every month, we have new studies that point to the truth. The latest study to hit the scenes is shaming critics and shocking public health officials with undeniable evidence that vaping is safe and effective.

The new study was published in “Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology” and showed what exactly is hiding in ecig vapor compared to the contents of cigarette smoke. Scientists ran tests on different e cigg flavourings. They also tested Marlboro Golds and Lambert & Butler cigarettes. Finally, they tested the ordinary room air as a baseline to use as they compared the results.

The researchers specifically looked for 8 toxins in this study: carbon monoxide, carbonyls, phenolics, volatiles, metals, tobacco-specific nitrosamines, polyaromatic amines, and polyaromatic hydrocarbons. It was no surprise that tobacco cigarette smoke was full of poisonous chemicals. But researchers were shocked to see that the toxins in ecigarette vapor were quite similar to the normal toxins found in regular room air. In fact, there was no major increase in toxins between normal air and ecig vapor.

Instead of deadly toxins, the ecig vapor only contained propylene glycol, water, and small traces of flavoring. In order to register any degree of toxicity, the scientists had to use 99 puffs of an ecig to get even the tiniest measurement of 0.18 milligrams of HPHC’s. To put that in perspective, a single puff of a Marlboro Gold cigarette measured 30.6 milligrams. In a puff-to-puff comparison, the cigarettes had 2000 times more toxins than the e-cigs.

But researchers were shocked to see that the toxins in ecigarette vapor were quite similar to the normal toxins found in regular room air.

This study makes it clear that ecigs are a far better alternative for smokers. They are now scientifically proven to have harm reduction properties and there is no way that lawmakers can argue that public vaping is harmful after looking at these lab reports. The next time you hear someone complaining that public vaping is dangerous, point them to this study. Science is our number one weapon to stop critics and spread truth about all the incredible benefits of vaping.

The Truth About Second-Hand Vapor

October 14, 2015

The Truth About Second Hand Vapor

This question seems of even more importance lately, as more and more counties, cities and now National Parks are banning the use of e-cigarettes, even before really examining their secondhand effect. That is why several research teams have begun to analyze the effect of secondhand vapor, if any, in order to better understand their place in society and acceptance in public places.

What we know about Secondhand Vapor

Several studies have shown that we are beginning to understand a lot about the potential effects of second hand vapor. It is important to remember that scientifically you cannot ethically test humans for second hand exposure; nor is there a way to determine long term effects, since e-cigarettes only hit the market back in 2007. You can however analyze the vapor that is emitted in an attempt to determine the potential health effects that may exist.

The overwhelming consensus is that second hand vapor is not only safer, but some believe that it is even, for all intents and purposes, nonexistent. Varying studies have come up with different benchmarks to analyze vapor, but still most continue to confirm that the aerosol emitted in the action of vaping is not particularly harmful.

Most studies you find will agree, that there is a general benign quality with e-cigarette aerosol, or vapor, especially in the secondhand sense. A January 2014 study, published in BMC Central confirmed these belief when examining the idea of second hand exposure on the workplace and beyond. In their findings they share that, “There was no evidence of potential for exposures of e-cigarette users to contaminants that are associated with risk to health at a level that would warrant attention.” In fact they predicted that secondhand exposures would be less than 1% of the threshold limit value that is placed on workplace air quality. While this study sees little harm in vapor, they still advise that more research should be done on first hand exposure. The researchers conclude by reaffirming the safety of second hand vapor emission, “Current state of knowledge about chemistry of liquids and aerosols associated with electronic cigarettes indicates that there is no evidence that vaping produces inhalable exposures to contaminants of the aerosol that would warrant health concerns.”

Later in 2014, another study published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health more specially looked at the compounds that are found in e-cigarette vapor. Both of these chemical compounds can cause health problems in users who are overexposed to them, however they do not seem to be a concern for second hand exposure, finding that, “exhaled e-cigarette aerosol does not increase bystander exposure for above the levels observed in exhaled breaths of air.”

Another study published in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research, looked specifically at the effects of secondhand e-cigarette vapor and their findings also suggest that secondhand vapor really shouldn’t be an issue. They actually criticize the idea of outdoor e-cigarette bans stating: “There is a large body of evidence suggesting that e-cigarettes are relatively harmless to the people who use them, making claims about the dangers of second-hand exposure even more spurious — especially in well-ventilated outdoor spaces where people can easily move away from someone using the product.”

E-Cigarette Vapor vs Tobacco Smoke

In a 2014 study published in the British Journal of Medical Practice researchers from University College London acknowledged the use of electronic cigarettes as replacements for traditional combustible cigarettes, and theorized about the potential benefit for the public health community. The researchers found that “the vapor contains nothing like the concentrations of carcinogens and toxins as cigarette smoke. In fact, toxin concentrations are almost all well below 1/20th that of cigarette smoke.”

In fact, the byproducts that are measured in e-cigarette vapor are across the board miniscule, especially in comparison to traditional cigarettes. Back in 2012, another study looked to determine the effect of e-cigarette vapor on indoor air quality. “For all byproducts measured, electronic cigarettes produce very small exposures relative to tobacco cigarettes. The study indicates no apparent risk to human health from e-cigarette emissions based on the compounds analyzed.”

In addition, one of the greatest benefits when it comes to cutting back on second hand emissions is electronic cigarettes do not give off any standing emissions. Dr. Neal Benowitz is an MD and a former member of the FDA’s Tobacco Products Scientific Advisory Committee. He is not a staunch e-cigarette supporter, but he is quick to point out this very important fact. All of the second hand exposure from e-cigarettes comes from the user’s exhaled breathe, which is, in most cases, considerably less than what was inhaled in the first place. Cigarettes, by contrast, pollute the atmosphere and others’ lungs in a continuous stream. According to Dr. Benowitz, “seventy-five percent of the smoke generated by cigarettes is side stream smoke, and that goes into the environment.” Even if e-cigarette aerosol was as dangerous as cigarette smoke, which we have seen it is nowhere near, just the sheer difference in amount of emissions would make a huge dent in our overall public health.

Vaping is ever more popular, but is it a smoking cure or a new hazard?

August 19, 2015

“The problem is people increasingly think they are at least as harmful and this may be keeping millions of smokers from quitting. Local stop-smoking services should look to support e-cigarette users in their journey to quitting completely.”

Peter Hajek, of Queen Mary University, London, one of the independent authors of the review, said: “My reading of the evidence is that smokers who switch to vaping remove almost all the risks smoking poses to their health. Smokers differ in their needs and I would advise them not to give up on e-cigarettes if they do not like the first one they try. It may take some experimentation with different products and e-liquids to find the right one.”

Ecita, a trade association of e-cigarette manufacturers, said: “There could be huge long-term benefits to taxpayers and the NHS as well as to former smokers and their families. The proposed ban in public places across Wales is very worrying, as are many of the bans in pubs and restaurants across the UK. This appears to be driving a growing number of people to think the harm is the same, deterring smokers from moving to e-cigarettes, and damaging public health.”

The smokers group Forest questioned whether prescribing e-cigarettes on the NHS would be a justifiable use of taxpayers’ money. Simon Clark, its director, said promoting them “as a state-approved smoking cessation aid ignores the fact that many people enjoy vaping in its own right and use e-cigs as a recreational not a medicinal product.”

He said e-cigarettes had been successful because the consumer, not the state, was in charge. “If they want more smokers to switch to e-cigarettes, public health campaigners should embrace consumer choice and oppose unnecessary restrictions on the sale, marketing and promotion of this potentially game-changing product.”

The switch in policy towards e-cigarettes coincided with publication in the Journal of the American Medical Association of research from Los Angeles suggesting that high school students who had use e-cigarettes are more likely to go on to try tobacco.

But Hajek said this did not show that vaping leads to smoking. “It just shows that people who are attracted to e-cigarettes are the same people who are attracted to smoking. People who drink white wine are more likely to try red wine than people who do not drink alcohol.”

Vaping: e-cigarettes safer than smoking, says Public Health England

August 19, 2015

Cigarette

Government body says vaping can make ‘significant contribution to endgame of tobacco’ and raises concerns about length of licensing process

Vaping is safer than smoking and could lead to the demise of the traditional cigarette, Public Health England (PHE) has said in the first official recognition that e-cigarettes are less damaging to health than smoking tobacco.

The health body concluded that, on “the best estimate so far”, e-cigarettes are about 95% less harmful than tobacco cigarettes and could one day be dispensed as a licensed medicine in an alternative to anti-smoking products such as patches.

While stressing that e-cigarettes are not free from risk, PHE now believes that e-cigarettes “have the potential to make a significant contribution to the endgame for tobacco”.

The message was backed by the government’s chief medical officer, Dame Sally Davies, who nevertheless cautioned that “there continues to be a lack of evidence on the long-term use of e-cigarettes”. She said they should only be used as a means to help smokers quit.

“I want to see these products coming to the market as licensed medicines. This would provide assurance on the safety, quality and efficacy to consumers who want to use these products as quitting aids, especially in relation to the flavourings used, which is where we know least about any inhalation risks.”

The 111-page review raises concerns about the length and cost of the the government’s licensing process, which is a key part of the revised strategy to cut tobacco use.

No e-cigarettes have yet been licensed, unlike other nicotine-replacement therapies such as gums, lozenges and patches. Pilot schemes in Leicester and the City of London allow stop-smoking specialists to offer free e-cigarette starter kits, but smokers elsewhere cannot be offered e-cigarettes on prescription.

The Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency began its work in this area more than two years ago, and manufacturers have complained that it costs them millions to go through the process.

Jane Ellison, the public health minister in England, reminded smokers that the best thing they could do to avoid falling victim to the country’s number one killer was to quit completely.

“Although we recognise the e-cigarettes may help adults to quit, we still want to protect children from the dangers of nicotine, which is why we have made it illegal for under-18s to buy them,” she said.

The review found that almost all of the 2.6 million adults in the UK now thought to be using e-cigarettes are current or former conventional smokers, most using them to help them quit tobacco or to prevent them going back to smoking.

There was no suggestion that the products were a gateway into tobacco smoking, with less than 1% of adults or young people who had never smoked becoming regular cigarette users.

The PHE decision comes after carefully choreographed moves by anti-tobacco campaigners and public health specialists to help move the NHS towards offering better smoking cessation support and to be less negative about e-cigarettes.

Services are being urged to follow those in the north-east of England in offering behavioural support to those wanting to quit tobacco and using e-cigarettes to try to do so.

Smoking kills about 100,000 people a year in the UK, most of those in England where there are thought to be eight million tobacco users. But official figures suggest smoking is now at its lowest prevalence since records started in the 1940s.

Rates are highest in many of the most deprived areas of England, and getting smokers off tobacco is increasingly seen as one of the best ways of reducing health inequalities.

Worryingly for many of those behind the policy change, increasing numbers of people – up to 22%, compared with 8% two years ago – think e-cigarettes are equally or more harmful than tobacco. This is leading some smokers to avoid switching, studies have suggested.

Tobacco reduction campaigners say the public needs to be educated to recognise that although e-cigarettes, like tobacco cigarettes, contain addictive nicotine, they do not contain more dangerous chemicals such as tar and arsenic.

PHE is also advocating careful monitoring of the e-cigarette market, particularly of companies closely involved with or part of big tobacco companies. It says the government must meet its obligations “to protect public health policy from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry”.

Kevin Fenton, director of health and wellbeing at PHE, said: “E-cigarettes are not completely risk-free but when compared to smoking, evidence shows they carry just a fraction of the harm.

Official statement from “Aspire” regarding Atlantis Coils
Symptoms you may experience when you start using electronic cigarettes

When you begin using electronic cigarettes as a tobacco alternative, it’s common to experience symptoms as your body reacts, adapts to the changes and rids itself of the chemicals present in tobacco smoke. Some symptoms will come and go over a period of a few days. Most are gone within a few weeks and everyone’s experience is different.

It is important to know about and properly attribute symptoms to tobacco withdrawal as these symptoms are widely known, reported and studied. Symptoms experienced by e-cigarette use are most commonly the result of this process and experienced by anyone ridding their system of tobacco.

Some people do experience symptoms from e-cigarettes most commonly due to allergies of ingredient compounds and throat irritation. Those will be covered in a separate article.

It is important to remember that your body is undergoing a change. Usually, symptoms that result from the switch to e-cigarettes are a response to that change and go away eventually, usually within a week or so. If you experience severe or prolonged symptoms, consult your doctor.

Coughing , congestion, phlegm, sputum and throat clearing

These are the most common symptoms you may experience as you transition away from tobacco smoking. The amount of time you will experience them depends on how heavy a smoker you were.

Coughing is most commonly caused by the cilia that line your lungs cleaning out the tar and mucus. Your body is in the process of cleaning out all of the junk coating the surface of your tissues and will cough it up in the form of phlegm. It’s not pretty, but think of it as a makeover on the inside. This is a good thing.

Studies have shown that this process begins within a few days. You will most likely experience a morning cough for about a week, and clearing for up to a month. Recommendation: Consume lots of water to help this process along. For sinus congestion, take an over-the-counter medication until it dissipates.

Hoarseness

Related to the coughing and throat clearing process above, all of that tissue regeneration can give you a froggy-sounding voice. Recommendation: Suck on throat lozenges and drink lots of water to sooth your throat.

Increased instances of the common cold

Studies have shown that colds are more prevalent during this period (see reference). As your body is ridding itself of toxins and adapting to change, your immune system is working overtime. Recommendation: Take it easy, drink lots of water and take vitamins to help your body along.

E-Cigarettes Not Tied to Risk of Heart Disease in Study

Electronic cigarettes used by smokers who want to kick the habit show no connection to heart disease, according to a study that adds to evidence of health benefits of switching from tobacco to smokeless alternatives.

E-cigarettes prompted no adverse effects on cardiac function in the study, researchers from the Athens- based Onassis Cardiac Surgery Center said in a report presented at the European Society of Cardiology annual meeting in Munich today.

Investigators examined the heart activity of 20 young daily smokers after one ordinary cigarette against 22 people who smoked an electronic cigarette for 7 minutes. Whereas tobacco smokers showed “significant” disruptions of functions such as heartbeats or blood pressure, the effect of e-cigarettes on the heart was minimal, Konstantinos Farsalinos, one of the researchers, said in the presentation.

“Currently available data suggest that electronic cigarettes are far less harmful, and substituting tobacco with electronic cigarettes may be beneficial to health,” Farsalinos said.

Previous studies have found that the electronic devices would have to be smoked daily for four to 12 months to achieve the levels of nitrosamines, a carcinogen, that are present in a single tobacco cigarette, the researchers said. Industrywide e- cigarette sales this year are likely to double from $250 million in 2011, according to UBS AG.

Governor Schwarzenegger's wise decision to veto Senate Bill 400

October 12, 2009

Matt Salmon, president of the Electronic Cigarette Association (ECA), today praised California Governor Schwarzenegger's wise decision to veto Senate Bill 400, which would have banned electronic cigarette sales in the state, protecting adult consumers' access to these alternative smoking devices.

"This is not just a victory for consumers and common sense but is smart public policy as well," said Salmon. "Rejecting this bill is the right step and should serve as a model for other states to follow."

In his veto message, Governor Schwarzenegger reiterated the stance of the ECA that strongly supports restricting access of electronic cigarettes to children under the age of 18. "We agree with the original intent of SB 400 to ban sales to those under the legal smoking age. And we support that on a national level as well," added Salmon.

The Governor affirmed that this restriction should not apply to adult consumers: "If adults want to purchase and consume these products with an understanding of the associated health risks, they should be able to do so unless and until federal law changes the legal status of these tobacco products."

The ECA actively communicated to the Governor its members' concerns about the bill and the fact that banning these electronic cigarettes would disenfranchise thousands of California adult smokers who have difficulty quitting but want an alternative to combustible cigarettes without the host of carcinogens and harmful chemicals. Salmon credited this legislative victory to the efforts of thousands of consumers and ECA members who appealed directly to Governor Schwarzenegger to protect their rights.

"While we know that combustible tobacco smoking kills over 400,000 Americans annually, and the percentage of smokers that quit every year is dismally low, we ought to be looking for more alternatives to traditional combustible tobacco products," said Salmon.

Electronic cigarette kits usually include the electronic cigarette, a replaceable cartridge pack, rechargeable lithium batteries, and a charger. There is some variation between different companies in what is included in their starter kit, but all components are listed on their Web sites. While ECA members do not market these devices as a healthy alternative or smoking cessation device, it is clear that they do not contain the harmful tars and hundreds of carcinogens that consumers get from combustible tobacco products.

"We look forward to working with all government agencies, including the FDA, to ensure that consumers who want an alternative to combustible tobacco products have access to e-cigarettes that contain fewer harmful substances and produce no secondhand smoke," concluded Salmon.

Source
Electronic Cigarette Association
Philip Morris discovered to be in negotiations with Ruyan Group

April 11, 2009

What many e-cigarette users have feared from day one could be in the works: Philip Morris, the biggest maker of tobacco cigarettes in the United States, has been discovered to be in negotiations with Ruyan Group, which manufactured the original e-cigarette starting in 2005. A short news article on Quamnet.com states the seriousness of the matter:

“Ruyan Group said that an agreement between the Company and Philip Morris International Management S.A. could not be reached on matters relating to the co-operation between them on its “electronic cigarettes” by the end of the first and exclusive phase of negotiations.”

As the Food and Drug Administration has recently been given authority over the tobacco industry, the move by Philip Morris could be a carefully calculated move to gain controlling interest over the products inside the United States and abroad. The motives of the company are unclear at this point, but speculations include everything from wanting to shut the industry down by acquiring the rights to it all the way to possibly launching its own e-cigarette product and taking it mainstream.

Ruyan Group's stock trading was suspended on November 2nd pending an announcement on a price sensitive matter. This could be related to a sudden 20% jump in the company's stock price.

But, that isn't the first time Ruyan Group's stock has soared. Back in June, the stock rose over 35% after the announcement that the Company was negotiating with what Quamnet called an “independent third party”. Shortly afterward on July 6th, that third party became known to be Philip Morris.

In related news, Ruyan Group also sold their office properties for HK$28.57 million to an undisclosed buyer on October 23rd.

What this could mean for the e-cigarette industry both in the United States and internationally is uncertain, but what's clear is this: Philip Morris wants in.

Source
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